Human Rights of Sex Workers in Europe

Human rights abuses against sex workers are alarmingly getting more common. In fact, an Amnesty Internal report narrated the troubling reality that sex workers face in Papua New Guinea, including the abuses made by the police. Albeit the legalization of prostitution in the country, sex workers are often discriminated and disadvantaged.

The sex workers in Papua New Guinea are no different from sex workers in Australia and in some more developed nations in the world. They, too, are greatly susceptible to abuses. In Australia, even if there’s the feminist empowerment among escorts in Melbourne and in other parts of the country that rally behind and fight against abuses on sex workers and the like, a big number of escorts still get beaten, discriminated, raped or harassed on a regular basis. They, too, are among the group of people who are often knocked back on availing the necessary health or housing services.

Common Abuses against Sex Workers

A public health fact sheet released by the Open Society Foundations enumerated the most common human rights abuses made to sex workers in Europe and Central Asia.  Police abuses and abuse within the health care are the most rampant exploitation made towards sex workers. For instance, prostitutes who were pressured on undergoing abortion or obligatory HIV testing, whether at work or by other means, have their Rights to Privacy, Equality and Non-Discrimination, and Security of Person violated. Moreover, when they are denied of treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), their Right to the Highest Attainable Standards is being disregarded.

Police abuses such as sexual or physical violence, extortion, or arbitrary arrest and detention are against the Right to Equality and Non-Discrimination, Right to Life and Right to a Fair Trial of sex workers.

Decriminalization of Sex Work

 Amnesty International has been actively calling on all the governments in the world to decriminalize prostitution. In addition, the organisation wants the government to impose further measures that will defend and safeguard the human rights of sex workers. Is decriminalization the solution to years-long battle against abuses to prostitutes, escorts and whatnot?

Legalization is much different from decriminalization. Legalization intends to institute guidelines or laws that will oversee this industry. On the other hand, decriminalization aims to eliminate the laws that will criminalize sex workers. For instance, if a prostitute has been sexually or physically abused, he/she can go to the police and file a complaint without the trepidation of being imprisoned for being a sex worker.

Let us all bear in mind that sex worker rights are also human rights. They are all entitled to the same human rights as everyone else.

Work, Rest & Play: Popular Sporting Attractions

Popular Sporting Attractions

We all need to keep a balance on work, rest and play. After a busy week, you need to get out and have fun. The weekend is for play so we rounded up the most popular sporting attractions which an ordinary worker gets up to on the weekend.

Association Football / Soccer

With an estimated 3.5 billion fans all over the world, Association football, commonly known as football or soccer is the most popular and the biggest global sport today.  As per a report, the 2014 FIFA World Cup held in Brazil reached 3.2 billion viewers at the time.

Football or soccer, is a team sport which shows passion and discipline. It’s amazing to see the support the fans give to their teams no matter what happens. It’s also unbelievable how much devotion the players give on the field. The expectation, the unpredictability, the players and the fans – these are just some of the many reasons why it has become the best sport on the planet.


Tennis is one of the most popular individual sports in the world. It’s a major sport of interest in Australia, Europe, Asia, Latin and North America. In tennis, the goal is to hit the ball over the net into the opponent’s court. The ball can only bounce one time. A player wins a point every time the opponent is unable to return the ball back within the court. There are four major grand slam tournaments in tennis: Wimbledon, US Open, French Open and Australian Open.


The sport of bullfighting has attracted lots of spectators from around the world.  It’s considered a blood sport wherein one or more bulls are fought and killed by humans in the bullring. In Spain, bullfighting is considered an art form with a special cultural value tied to their identity. The top venue for bullfighting is the Las Ventas bullring located in the centre of Madrid City. There is a less violent version of this sport in Portugal. In Portuguese bullfighting, the bull is not killed in front of the crowd but is killed later. Despite the controversies, bullfighting maintains its popularity in Latin America, particularly Spain.

Betting goes on at bullfights and oftentimes, the attendants or vendors act as bookmakers’ agents, calling the odds and taking bets.  Betting on bulls was never institutionalised, but is quite a common agenda.

Formula 1

The Formula 1 race has a strong following in Europe and Latin America, but is also getting a lot of attention around the world. The F1 season consists of a series of races, known as Grand Prix held worldwide on purpose-built F1 circuits and public roads. The races are broadcasted to over 200 countries with reported estimated viewing figures of around 500 million per race.

Horse Racing

Horse racing is one of the most ancient of all sports. Essentially, the principle is to identify which of the horses are the fastest over a set course or distance. It is primarily a gambling sport and is very popular in the US, UK, Asia and Australia. The attention is likely focused on major races, such as the Grand National, Kentucky Derby and the Melbourne Cup.